Archive for the ‘vSAN’ Category

Advanced Cross vCenter vMotion

donderdag, april 1st, 2021

vmware_vSphere7_graphicVMware released vSphere version 7.0 U1c – 17327586 in December 2020. Next to the cool new features that is included in this version (This blog is al about one of those cool features) another very important reason to download and install this version of vSphere is that it closes a major security issue with previous versions. You can find more info on this here.

New features in this version of vSphere include the following:

  • Physical NIC statistics
  • Advanced Cross vCenter vMotion
  • Parallel remediation on host in clusters that you manage with vSphere Lifecycle Manager baselines
  • Third-party plug-ins to manage services on the vSAN Data Persistence platform

The VMware release notes have the following to say about this new feature:

With vCenter Server 7.0 Update 1c, in the vSphere Client, you can use the Advanced Cross vCenter vMotion feature to manage the bulk migration of workloads across vCenter Server systems in different vCenter Single Sign-On domains. Advanced Cross vCenter vMotion does not depend on vCenter Enhanced Linked Mode or Hybrid Linked Mode and works for both on-premise and cloud environments. Advanced Cross vCenter vMotion facilitates your migration from VMware Cloud Foundation 3 to VMware Cloud Foundation 4, which includes vSphere with Tanzu Kubernetes Grid, and delivers a unified platform for both VMs and containers, allowing operators to provision Kubernetes clusters from vCenter Server. The feature also allows smooth transition to the latest version of vCenter Server by simplifying workload migration from any vCenter Server instance of 6.x or later.

In this blog we will describe the process of importing VMs form a 6.7 vCenter to the updated 7.0.1 vCenter, making use of the cross vCenter technology. To prepare the environment for cross vCenter vMotion the vMotion network has to be configured with a gateway.

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At the receiving side we tried to VMKping the sending host over the vMotion VMKernel port. When this failed we added a route to any foreign network across the gateway. When we retried the VMKping it was successful.

On the sending side we also configured the vMotion network with a gateway entry.

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To start the process of performing a cross vCenter vMotion we right click  on the cluster or ESXi host.

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Click on Import VMs

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Select source vCenter

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Select the VMs you want to move.

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Select the host to transfer the compute to.

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Select the destination storage.

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Select networks.

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Select vMotion priority.

imageReady to complete, click Finish.

The 7.0.1 environment also makes use of NSX-T network virtualization. Why is this important to mention? If you want to perform a roll back you can’t move a VM that is connected to a NSX-T managed portgroup to a none NSX-T managed portgroup. To remediate this issue you should create a none NSX-T portgroup with the same vLAN and add the VM you want to rollback to that portgroup.

vSAN Hybrid / All Flash

woensdag, februari 3rd, 2021

vsan-est-2013As a VMware partner we (my employer PQR) conducts VMware Health Checks. To perform a Health Check on a vSphere (or EUC, NSX-T) environment VMware provides a tool to check if the environment matches the VMware best practices. The tool to check if the environment matches the VMware best practices is called the VMware Health Analyzer. The VMware Health Analyzer is a Photon appliance that you install in the client environment. There is also a Windows installed version of the VMware Health Analyzer. My preference is to use the appliance version. I have the appliance also running on my environment, so if I collected data at a customer site I can load this information in my own appliance, this means that I don’t need a connection with the customer to create my Health Check report. Current version of the VMware Health Analyzer is: 5.5.2.0. Next to the VMware Health Analyzer the consultant checking the VMware environment will also use his own knowledge to check the environment and to interpret the data presented by the VMware Health Check Analyzer.

VMware Health Analyzer
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Above screenshot is from a lab environment.

Recently we did a Health Check on a vSphere 6.7 environment for a large company. The environment consists of six vSphere host with a single vSAN cluster. Before the Health Check the customer decided to expand the environment with four extra host. The original vSAN cluster over consisting of those six vSphere servers is a Hybrid vSAN, the Diskgroups on the four new servers are all flash. This situation has resulted in a combined vSAN with Hybrid and All Flash Diskgroups. This setup is not supported by VMware. When we investigate the servers of the Hybrid vSAN we noticed that the disks in the servers are also all flash, but marked as HDD.

Disk group “Hybrid” servers

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Disk Group All Flash servers

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For performance purposes we highly recommend to use an All Flash vSAN instead of an Hybrid vSAN.

Advantages of an All Flash vSAN:

  1. Make use of space efficiency: Deduplication and compression;
  2. Provide organizations with the ability to run business critical applications and OLTP databases using vSAN enabled by fast, predicable throughput and lower latency;
  3. Give customers the ability to scale and support a significantly larger number of VMs and virtual desktops using the same compute and network resources;
  4. Increase business agility and productivity by enabling IT to provision services faster, increasing user satisfaction and executing on faster backup and disaster recovery for production deployments;
  5. Combine the benefits of vSAN and flash to deliver a lower TCO using less power, cooling, data center floor space and other resources per virtual machine, virtual desktop or transaction;
  6. While data de-staging happens from cache to capacity, flushing of data would happen far faster in all-flash vSAN in comparison to a hybrid (HDD + SSD) vSAN, helping define better SLA.

Converting the disk groups and converting the vSAN from hybrid to all flash has a large impact and must be well prepared before executed.
We proposed the following method.

  1. Remove three “new” servers from the current vSAN cluster;
  2. Build a new All Flash vSAN Cluster with these three servers;
  3. Add the new vSAN cluster to the VMware Horizon environment;
  4. Empty the remaining 7 servers one by one, and add them to the new All Flash vSAN.
  5. If the old cluster is empty, delete it.

Thanks to Ronald de Jong